Danh Từ Chỉ Người Trong Tiếng Anh

Nắm vững những loại từ trong tiếng Anh là phần quan trọng đặc biệt để đặt gốc rễ cho các bạn phát triển vốn ngữ pháp của bản thân mình về sau. Bài xích học bây giờ sẽ giúp đỡ bạn củng cố kiến thức về danh từ cũng tương tự cách sử dụng những loại danh trường đoản cú trong bài thi IELTS như thế nào nhằm mục đích học tập đúng hướng và hiệu quả hơn, ôn thi IELTS giỏi hơn.

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Bài họcngữ pháp nên chú ýkhác:

I. NOUN LÀ GÌ? VỊ TRÍ VÀ LOẠI DANH TỪ

1. Noun - Danh trường đoản cú là gì?

Noun - Danh trường đoản cú trong giờ đồng hồ Anh tựa như với giờ đồng hồ Việt dùng để làm chỉ sự vật, sự việc, con người. Danh trường đoản cú được áp dụng trong câu với đa số vị trí không giống nhau. Danh từ tạo thành 5 loại trong các số ấy có danh từ bỏ chung,danh tự riêng, danh tự trừu tượng, tập hợp và danh trường đoản cú ghép.

Danh trường đoản cú trong tiếng Anh phân minh danh trường đoản cú đếm được và không đếm được. Ví dụ như sau:

Countable nouns (Danh trường đoản cú đếm được)

-Tồn tại ở cả 2 dạng: số ít với số những (a house, some houses). Tuy nhiên, gồm có danh trường đoản cú chỉ có dạng số những (socks, trousers).

- các danh trường đoản cú này có thể được phân tách động từ bỏ số không nhiều hoặc số nhiều.

E.g: The house is big.

The houses in the neighborhood are very big.

- các danh từ bỏ này có thể được thay thế sửa chữa bằng đại tự số không nhiều hoặc số nhiều.

E.g: The notebook is Jack’s. It is so beautiful!

These notebooks are Jack’s. They are so colorful!

- Dạng số ít của danh từ hoàn toàn có thể đứng sau những mạo tự a, an, the. (a bike, an apple, the tree)

Uncountable nouns (Danh từ ko đếm được)

- Có một vài danh từ ko đếm được có dạng số các (maths, physics, news).

- Chỉ được phân tách động từ số ít.

E.g: The news brings sadness khổng lồ me & my friends.

- Chỉ rất có thể được thay thế bằng đại tự số ít.

E.g: My most favorite subject is Physics. It is so interesting.

- Chỉ rất có thể đo đếm qua các đơn vị đo lường rõ ràng và đếm được (a bottle of water, a piece of paper, a bar of soap)

- bắt buộc đứng sau những mạo tự a, an. (hair, chưa hẳn a hair)

2. địa điểm trong câu

- Danh từ bỏ là chủ ngữ đứng trước đụng từ chính.

Ví dụ: Approximately 2000 people went lớn the concert.

- Danh trường đoản cú là tân ngữ (direct object) đứng sau động tự chính.

Ví dụ: Doing exercise brings many benefits lớn our health.

- Danh từ bỏ là tân ngữ của giới từ bỏ (object of preposition) đứng trong các giới từ.

Ví dụ: Global warming has affected the lives of many people on Earth.

3. Phân loại danh từ

Trong giờ đồng hồ Anh, danh từ bỏ được tạo thành 5 các loại cơ bạn dạng như sau:

Loại danh từ

Giải thích

Ví dụ

Proper nouns

(Danh tự riêng)

Chỉ tên riêng rẽ của người, địa điểm, vật.

Paris, Gordon Ramsay, Eiffel Tower,…

Common nouns

(Danh từ chung)

Chỉ thương hiệu của một vật bình thường chung.

Computer, food, vehicle,…

Abstract nouns

(Danh tự trừu tượng)

Chỉ hồ hết thứ trừu tượng không nhận thấy được bởi mắt thường nhưng có thể cảm thừa nhận được.

Knowledge, love, sympathy

Collective nouns

(Danh từ bỏ tập hợp)

Chỉ tên một tập hợp những cá thể khác nhau.

Class, group, gang.

Compound nouns

(Danh tự ghép)

Là những danh từ được ghép lại với nhau để chế tạo ra thành 1 danh trường đoản cú khác.

Motorcycle, bedroom.

II. CÁCH HÌNH THÀNH DANH TỪ

1. Chế tạo ra danh từ từ những hậu tố

STT

Hậu tố

Danh từ

1

ant

Assist -> Assistant

2

– ance/ ence

Maintain -> Maintenance

Prefer -> Preference

3

– ion

Industrialize -> Industrialization

4

– ure

Fail -> Failure

5

– ment

Disagree -> Disagreement

6

ism

Captial -> Capitalism

7

ship

Friend -> Friendship

8

– ness

Happy -> Happiness

9

– ity/- ty/-y

Identify -> Identity

10

– th

Wide -> Width

11

– ery

Bake -> Bakery

2. Tạo nên danh rảnh rỗi danh từ

(A/an/the) + Noun1 + Noun2

Noun1: Đóng vai trò như tính từ xẻ nghĩa mang lại Noun2

Noun2: Danh từ chính

Ví dụ: The city center (Trung thực tâm phố)

A taxi driver (Người tài xế taxi)

3. Sản xuất danh rảnh rỗi V-ing

Những danh từ bao gồm V-ing đứng trước hay để bộc lộ mục đích sử dụng của danh tự đó.

Ví dụ: A frying pan (= a pan used for frying)

A washing machine (= a machine used for washing clothes)

4. Tạo thành danh thủng thẳng số đếm (Dạng: Number + Noun + Noun)

Ví dụ: A ten-hour flight (Chuyến bay kéo dãn 10 tiếng)

A seven-storey building (Tòa công ty cao 7 tầng)

A four hundred-page dictionary (Quyển tự điển dày 400 trang)

A ten-year old boy (Cậu bé bỏng 10 tuổi)

Lưu ý:

Danh trường đoản cú đứng liền sau số đếm cùng dấu gạch ốp ngang Ở DẠNG SỐ ÍT. (A ten-year old boy)

*

III. LUYỆN TẬP

Exercise 1: mang lại dạng đúng của các từ trong ngoặc ở gần như câu dưới đây.

1. Detroit is renowned for the _____________ of car. (produce)

2. If you make a good ________________ at the interview, you will get the job. (impress)

3. The _________________ looked dark and there were hardly any other guests. (enter)

4. My history teacher has a vast ________________ of past events. (know)

5. You are never too old to lớn go lớn college and gain some _______________. ( qualify)

6. My greatest ________________ was graduating from university. (achieve)

7. The weatherman said there is a strong _______________ of rain today. (possible)

8. Despite her severe _________________, she fulfilled her goals in life. (disable)

9. I am really into eating dairy______________. (produce)

10. Due to the pilot"s _____________, the copilot managed lớn land safely. (guide)

Exercise 2: Chọn dạng tương thích của danh từ trong những chố trống sau để chế tạo thành một bài xích IELTS Writing task 2 trả chỉnh.

Some people believe that developments in the field of artificial intelligence will have a positive impact on our lives in the near future. Others, by contrast, are worried that we are not prepared for a world in which computers are more intelligent than humans. Discuss both of these views và give your own opinion.

People seem khổng lồ be either excited or worried about the future impact of artificial (1-intelligent)………... Personally I can understand the two (2-oppose)……….points of view; I am both fascinated by developments in artificial intelligence & apprehensive about its possible negative effects.

On the one hand, the increasing intelligence of công nghệ should bring some obvious benefits. Machines are clearly able to do many jobs better than humans can, especially in areas that require high levels of (3-accurate)…………or calculations using large amounts of data. For example, robots are being developed that can carry out surgical procedures with greater (4-precise)………..than a human doctor, & we already have cars that use sensors and cameras to lớn drive themselves. Such technologies can improve safety by reducing the (5-likely)…………..of human errors. It is easy to imagine how these developments, & many others, will steadily improve our unique of life.

On the other hand, I chia sẻ the concerns of people who believe that artificial intelligence may harm us if we are not careful. In the short term, it is likely that we will see a rise in (6-employ)…………..as workers in various industries are replaced by machines or software programs. For example, self-driving vehicles are expected khổng lồ cause (7-redundant)…………….in driving jobs, such as lorry drivers, xe taxi drivers và bus drivers. In the medium term, if intelligent technologies gradually take jobs away from humans, we may find that people become deskilled and lose their sense of purpose in life. A longer term fear is that computers become so intelligent that they begin khổng lồ make (8-decide)…………without human oversight và without regard for our well-being.

In conclusion, while intelligent machines will no doubt improve our lives in many ways, the potential risks of such technologies should not be ignored.

Exercise 3: Đoạn văn sau bao gồm 3 lỗi sai. Tìm cùng sửa chúng.

In many đô thị all over the world, spectacular fireworks displays take place as soon as the clock passes midnight on 31 December. In recent years, Sydney in nước australia has been the host lớn one of the first of these celebrate as New Year arrives there before most other major international cities. The display takes place in Sydney Harbor, with the Opera House & Harbor Bridge making it a stunning set. Fireworks light up the skies in hundreds of cities as 12 midnight strikes around the globe.

1………………. 2………………. 3………………….

Exercise 4: phụ thuộc những từ mang lại sẵn, hãy viết thành câu hoàn chỉnh.

1. The bar chart/ illustrate/ gross domestic hàng hóa generated from the IT and Service Industry/the UK from 1992 to lớn 2000. ………………………………………………………………………………………..

2. It is measured in percentages. Overall, it can be seen/ both increase/ as a percentage/ GDP, but/ IT/ remain/ at/ higher rate throughout/ time.………………………………………………………………………………………..

3. At/ beginning/ the/ period, in 1992, the Service Industry account/ for/ 4 per cent/ GDP, whereas IT exceed/ this, at just over 6 per cent. ………………………………………………………………………………………..

4. Over/ next four/ year/, the levels become/ more/ similar, with/ both/ components/ standing/ between 6 / just/ over/ 8 per cent. ………………………………………………………………………………………..

5. IT/ still/ higher/ overall, though it/ drop/ slightly/ 1994/ 1996.……………………………………………………………………………………….. 

Exercise 5: mỗi câu sau cất một lỗi sai. Tìm với sửa chúng.

1. There are many dirts on the floor.…………………………………………2. We want more fuels than that.…………………………………………3. He drank two milks.…………………………………………4. Ten inks are needed for our class.…………………………………………5. He sent me many foods.…………………………………………6. Many golds are found there.…………………………………………7. He gave me a great khuyến mãi of troubles.…………………………………………8. Cows eat grasses.…………………………………………9. The rain has left many waters.…………………………………………10. I didn"t have many luggages.…………………………………………

Exercise 6: Chọn lời giải đúng cho mỗi câu sau.

1. If you want to lớn hear the news, you can read (paper/ a paper).

2. I want khổng lồ write some letters but I haven"t got (a paper/ any paper) khổng lồ write on.

3. I thought there was somebody in the house because there was (light/a light) on inside.

4. (Light/a light) comes from the sun.

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5. I was in a hurry this morning. I didn"t have (time/ a time) for breakfast.

6. "Did you enjoy your holiday?" - "Yes, we had (wonderful time/ a wonderful time)."

7. Sue was very helpful. She gives us some very useful (advice/advices).

8. We had (very bad weather/a very bad weather) while we were on holiday.

9. We were very unfortunate. We had (bad luck/a bad luck).

10. It"s very difficult lớn find a (work/job) at the moment.

11. I had lớn buy (a/some) bread because I wanted khổng lồ make some sandwiches.

12. Bad news (don"t/doesn"t) make people happy.

13. (Your hair is/ your hairs) are too long. You should have (it/them) cut.

14. Nobody was hurt in the accident but (the damage / the damages) to the oto (was/were) quite bad.

15. She gives me (a piece of advice/ an advice) about this.

Exercise 7: Điền mạo từ tương thích vào phần nhiều chỗ trống sau.

(1)……………..bar chart shows the number of British people who emigrated lớn five destinations over (2)…………….period 2004 lớn 2007. It is evident from the chart that throughout the period, the most popular place to lớn move to lớn was Australia.

Emigration to nước australia stood at just over 40,000 people in 2004, which was approximately 6,000 higher than for Spain, and twice as high as the other three countries. Apart from a jump khổng lồ around 52,000 in 2006, it remained around this level throughout the period.

(3)…………….next most popular country for Britons to lớn move to was (4)………….Spain, though its popularity declined over the time frame khổng lồ finish at below 30,000 in 2007. Despite this, the figure was still higher than for the remaining three countries. Approximately 20,000 people emigrated to New Zealand each year, while the USA fluctuated between 20-25,000 people over the period.

Although (5)………….number of visitors to lớn France spiked to lớn nearly 35,000 in 2005, it was the country that was the least popular lớn emigrate to lớn at the over of the period, at just under 20,000 people.

Exercise 8: Điền mạo từ thích hợp vào nơi trống để chế tạo ra thành một bài xích Writing task 2 trả chỉnh.

There are several reasons that are causing the environmental harms & this has become (1)………….urgent issue to discuss & bring (2)……………..solution about. The number of ever increasing cars is one of (3)…………….reasons that leads lớn affect the environment negatively and there are some assumptions that increasing the fuel price would solve this problem. But the reality would be different, và increased fuel price will cause lots of other problems while it would contribute very little lớn reduce the environmental pollutions & hazards. So this can’t be the best solution in any way.

First of all, the maximum numbers of cars are owned by the rich people và fuel price would not restrain them from using the cars. The price of (4)…………..fuel, in fact, increased significantly over the past 12 years and that has done nothing to reduce the car usages. On the contrary, the number of cars running on the roads has increased more than expected. Besides, (5)…………fuel price determines the market prices of other daily necessary products and increasing the price would only bring misery lớn the low & medium earning class population. Electronic wastages, industries, household electrical devices, deforestation, chemical wastages, unthoughtful activities of people are causing more damage lớn the mother earth than the gas omission by the cars. We should focus on those aspects as well before increasing the price of fuel just based on (6)……………assumption.

The main idea of increasing the fuel price is khổng lồ reduce (7)…………….number of cars running in the street & to restrain the car owners from using the cars less. But that would prove to be (8)………..ridiculous solution especially when oto owners are mostly high earning class và they would not bother about the fuel price.

The best solution to address this utmost concerning issue is to introduce (9)…………environment friendly energy source like solar energy system, to improve the public transportation system và train system so that people mostly use these systems instead of always using their own cars, increasing the awareness of the people so that they bởi not directly contribute lớn harm the environment, and making strict rules so that deforestation, chemical wastages and other harmful ways of (10)……….environmental pollutions get reduced.

Exercise 9: đến dạng đúng của các từ vào ngoặc.

1. After Monday, I will no longer be a foreigner - I am receiving my ________________! (citizen)

2. My father"s death left me with a great_________________ in my heart. (empty)

3. Americans fought hard to lớn earn their _________________from Britain. (free)

4. The weather ________________looks bad for a picnic--rainy and windy! (cast)

5. The new job is a ___________ for her. (promote)

6. The national ____________ in the face of danger is necessary. (solid)

7. He came first in the poetry __________. (compete)

8. After considerable ______________ they decided to accept our offer. (discuss)

9. Fill in your name, address and __________ on the form. (nation)

10. Can I see your ____________card, please ? (identify)

Exercise 10: Tìm cùng sửa 5 lỗi không đúng trong nội dung bài viết sau để chế tạo ra thành một bài viết IELTS Writing task 1 trả chỉnh.

The line graph shows the percent of tourists to England who visited certain Brighton attracts between 1980 và 2010. We can see that in 1980 & in 2010 the favorite attractions were the pavilion và the festival. In 1980 the least popular attraction was the pier but in 2010 this changed & the art gallery was the least popular.

During the 1980s & 1990s there was a sharpen increase in visitors to lớn the pavilion from 28% khổng lồ 48% and then the percentage gradually went down lớn 31% in 2010. The trend for the art gallery was similar khổng lồ the pavilion. Visitors increased rapidly from 22% lớn 37% from 1980 lớn 1985 then gradually decreased to less than 10% over the next twenty-five years. The amount of tourists who visited the Brighton Festival fluctuated slightly but in general remained steady at about 25%. Visitor lớn the pier also fluctuated from 1980 to 2000 then rose significantly from 12% khổng lồ 22% between 2000 and 2010.

Exercise 11: Dịch các câu sau đây sang giờ đồng hồ Anh có áp dụng dạng Noun + Noun.

1. Tôi mới mua một quyển trường đoản cú điển dày 500 trang.

=>________________________________________________________________

2. Chuyến bay 3 tiếng từ vn sang Singapore tạo cho cô ấy mệt mỏi mỏi.

=>________________________________________________________________

3. Tất cả một tòa đơn vị 9 tầng ở cuối phố.

=>______________________________________________________________

4. Khách sạn 5 sao là phần đa khách sạn rất sang trọng.

=>______________________________________________________________

5. Sarah bao gồm một cậu nam nhi 3 tuổi.

=>______________________________________________________________

Exercise 12: đến dạng đúng của các từ trong ngoặc để tạo ra thành một bài bác IELTS Speaking part 2 hoàn chỉnh.

Let me tell you about a language I’ve always wanted lớn learn, which is (1-Russia)___________. It’s spoken in Russia, obviously, but also in many other countries which have been influenced by Russia including places lượt thích Mongolia & Kazakhstan. It’s quite a difficult language to lớn learn because the (2-alphabetical)_____________is not the Roman one, which means that you have to lớn learn lớn read và write from scratch, a but lượt thích studying Chinese or Japanese. Well, the reason I would like to learn Russian is that the energy (3-industrial)___________is huge và there are lots of jobs. A lot of my country’s oil and gas comes from Russia so it’s really useful khổng lồ be able lớn speak that language if you want khổng lồ work in the energy field. I have actually been to lớn Russia before so I know from experience that a lot of Russians can’t speak English very well, so that’s another good (4-reasonable)__________to learn their language. The only (5-problematic)____________ is I’m already thirty years old and I’ve spent more than fifteen years learning English. I don’t know if I would ever be able lớn learn Russian successfully because it’s a difficult language for anyone to learn, especially someone older like me. But it would be really great to lớn try.

ĐÁP ÁN

1. Exercise 1

1. Production2. Impression3. Entrance4. Knowledge5. Qualifications6. Achievement7. Possibility8. Disability9. Products10. Guidance

Exercise 2

1. Intelligence2. Opposing3. Accuracy4. Precision5. Likelihood6. Unemployment7. Redundancies8. Decisions

Exercise 3

1. Thành phố => cities2. Celebrate => celebrations3. Phối => setting

Exercise 4

1. The bar chart illustrates the gross domestic hàng hóa generated from the IT & Service Industry in the UK from 1992 lớn 2000.

2. It is measured in percentages. Overall, it can be seen that both increased as a percentage of GDP, but IT remained at a higher rate throughout this time.

3. At the beginning of the period, in 1992, the Service Industry accounted for 4 per cent of GDP, whereas IT exceeded this, at just over 6 per cent.

4. Over the next four years, the levels became more similar, with both components standing between 6 and just over 8 per cent.

5. IT was still higher overall, though it dropped slightly from 1994 khổng lồ 1996.

Exercise5

1. There are many dirts on the floor. => There is a lot of dirt on the floor.

2. We want more fuels than that. => We want more fuel than that.

3. He drank two milks. => He drank two bottles of milk.

4. Ten inks are needed for our class. => Ten bottles of ink are…

5. He sent me many foods. => He sent me a lot of food.

6. Many golds are found there. => A lot of gold is found there.

7. He gave me a great khuyến mãi of troubles. => He gave me a number of troubles.

8. Cows eat grasses. => Cows eat grass.

9. The rain has left many waters. => The rain has left a lot of water.

10. I didn"t have many luggages. => I didn’t have much luggage.

Exercise6

1. A paper2. Any paper3. Light4. Light5. Time6. A wonderful time7. Advice8. Very bad weather9. Bad luck10. Job11. Some12. Doesn"t13. Your hair; it14. The damage; was15. A piece of advice

Exercise7

1. The2. The 3. The4. X5. The

Exercise8

1. An 2. A 3. The 4. X 5.the6. An 7. The 8. A 9. An 10. X

Exercise9

1. Citizenship2. Emptiness3. Freedom4. Forecast5. Promotion6. Solidarity7. Competition 8. Discussion9. Nationality10. Identity

Exercise10

1. Percent => percentage2. Attracts => attractions 3. Sharpen => sharp 4. Amount => number 5. Visitor => Visitors

Exercise11

1. I have just bought a 500-page dictionary.2. The three-hour flight from Vietnam khổng lồ Singapore made her tired/ exhausted. 3. There is a nine-storey building at the corner of the street. 4. Five-star hotels are very luxurious. 5. Sarah has a three-year-old son.

Exercise12

1-Russian 2-alphabet3-industry 4-reason5-problem

Trên đấy là bài học tập và bài xích tập về danh từ, phương pháp sử dụng các loại danh từ trong tiếng Anh và áp dụng bài thi IELTS của mình. Chúng ta hãy ghi nhớ để đạt được nền tảng kiên cố cho con kiến thức của mình nhé!